Production Clay is a traditional component for production chain of the wide range of industries

VESCO PRODUCTION

Applicationareas

VESCO's clays are used by leading global companies to manufacture ceramic and porcelain tiles, bricks, sanitary ware, as well as in metallurgy, machine building and in the production of refractories and electrical insulators

VESCO clays
advantages

High level of plasticity and bending strength of a dry and fired tiles
Light colors after firing
Low sensitivity to drying
Sintering interval of 400 °C
Low water absorption
Stable characteristics of clays
Technologies

VESCO
technologies

The extraction and mixing technologies allow to prepare clay with any chemical composition
aluminium oxide ranging
from % to %
iron oxide
from % to %
Unique blending and homogenizing complex allows to:
decrease moisture up to
-% in summer
guarantee
high clay quality
Сlay

VESCO production

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Name
Color
Vesco-Prima
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 28,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 0,85 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,25 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 57,00
K2O, average 1,90
Na2O, average 0,30
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,60
SO3, average 0,05
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  8,50
Shrinkage, %  11,40
Water absorption, %  0,10
L (lightness), average 79,00
A (red/green), % 2,40
B (yellow/blue), % 14,10
Green MOR, kg/cm2 14,80
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 36,90
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 520,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 1,10
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Vesco-Granitic
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 26,50 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 0,90 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,40 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 60,00
K2O, average 2,20
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,60
SO3, average 0,08
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  7,60
Shrinkage, %  10,00
Water absorption, %  0,10
L (lightness), average 76,00
A (red/green), % 3,00
B (yellow/blue), % 15,20
Green MOR, kg/cm2 14,70
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 40,50
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 490,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 3,00
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Vesco-Technic 1
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 26,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,80 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,50 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 60,50
K2O, average 2,20
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,60
SO3, average 0,05
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, % 7,70
Shrinkage, % 9,80
Water absorption, % 0,10
L (lightness), average 65,00
A (red/green), % 3,90
B (yellow/blue), % 17,10
Green MOR, kg/cm2 13,20
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 41,30
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 490,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 3,00
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Vesco-Ceramic 1
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 23,50 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,25 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,40 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 63,50
K2O, average 2,20
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,30
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,04
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  6,90
Shrinkage, %  9,20
Water absorption, %  0,10
L (lightness), average 69,00
A (red/green), % 3,90
B (yellow/blue), % 17,50
Green MOR, kg/cm2 13,30
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 41,20
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 480,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 4,00
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Vesco-Ceramic
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 22,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,10 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,50 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 65,00
K2O, average 2,30
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,60
SO3, average 0,05
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, % 6,40
Shrinkage, %  8,30
Water absorption, %  0,20
L (lightness), average 72,00
A (red/green), % 3,50
B (yellow/blue), % 17,20
Green MOR, kg/cm2 12,70
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 42,90
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 470,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 5,00
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Vesco-Technic 2
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 22,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,80 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,50 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 65,00
K2O, average 2,20
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,30
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,06
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, % 6,20
Shrinkage, % 8,60
Water absorption, % 0,10
L (lightness), average 61,00
A (red/green), % 5,50
B (yellow/blue), % 19,30
Green MOR, kg/cm2 12,60
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 40,50
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 480,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 5,00
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Vesco-Technic 3
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 16,50 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 0,80 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,35 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 71,00
K2O, average 1,80
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,30
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,06
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  4,70
Shrinkage, %  5,60
Water absorption, %  2,70
L (lightness), average 71,00
A (red/green), % 4,30
B (yellow/blue), % 20,40
Green MOR, kg/cm2 14,00
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 32,80
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 375,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 8,00
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DN-0
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 31,50 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,00 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,50 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 52,00
K2O, average 1,90
Na2O, average 0,30
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,12
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, % 10,10
Shrinkage, % 12,80
Water absorption, % 0,10
L (lightness), average 81,00
A (red/green), % 1,70
B (yellow/blue), % 12,30
Green MOR, kg/cm2 13,10
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 34,90
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 480,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 0,80
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DN-1
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 30,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,20 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,50 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 55,00
K2O, average 1,80
Na2O, average 0,30
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,11
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  9,50
Shrinkage, %  12,30
Water absorption, %  0,20
L (lightness), average 80,00
A (red/green), % 2,20
B (yellow/blue), % 13,00
Green MOR, kg/cm2 12,70
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 34,00
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 485,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 1,50
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DN-2
Chemical properties (dry product)
Al2O3, % 28,00 (+/- 0,5)
Fe2O3, % 1,20 (+/- 0,1)
TiO2, % 1,40 (+/- 0,2)
SiO2, % average 57,00
K2O, average 2,00
Na2O, average 0,40
CaO, average 0,40
MgO, average 0,50
SO3, average 0,11
Ceramic properties after firing T 1200 °C
Loss on Ignition, %  8,50
Shrinkage, %  10,90
Water absorption, %  0,20
L (lightness), average 76,00
A (red/green), % 2,70
B (yellow/blue), % 14,70
Green MOR, kg/cm2 13,00
Dry MOR, kg/cm2 37,20
Fired MOR, kg/cm2 480,00
Sieve Residue 0,063 2,00
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Clay transportation

Logistics and
distribution network

Services
Many years of logistics experience guarantee that products are delivered to more than 25 countries around the globe within the shortest possible time, offering the most efficient solutions. VESCO products are delivered to the clients via sea and railroad. 5 Ukrainian ports are VESCO’s key logistics partners.
Storage area
VESCO enterprises supply raw materials both directly and through distribution network providing the wide range of services to the clients. VESCO warehouses facilities allow storing up to 700 thousand tons of ready-made clays and more than 2 million tons of semi-finished products at a time, ensuring stable shipments of consistent raw material to customers.
Clay mining

VESCO quarries mining

The first stage

Overburden removal works that are carried out by several horizons at a depth up to 40 meters.

The second stage

Selective clay extraction which is done by single bucket excavators, according to parameters of raw materials with further accumulation in different piles at intermediate warehouse. Layer of clay is up to 2,5 meters thickness and divided into 6 to 10 types of clay.

The third stage

Full recreation of mined area with the restoration of the fertile black soil layer
Certificates

Quality
control

Innovative laboratory

Product quality control is realizing at each stage of mining. The control sampling of raw material are delivered to VESCO’s own laboratory for detailed research analysis. The laboratory operates in two directions: determination of the chemical and mineralogical composition of clays and ceramic tests. More than $2 million have been already invested into laboratory equipment and personnel training updating to modern standards. It makes possible to obtain a ready operation flow chart, which includes a full range of research data and recommendations on the possible use of a clay type. We can provide detailed information on chemical, mineralogical, and granulometric composition of clay, its ceramic properties, including the progress curve plotting when heating the sample, which will allow finding the optimal composition of the masses, the modes of drying and firing of various ceramic products.

Technical solutions

Regular complete analysis of clay are carried out in VESCO laboratory to understand how mined raw materials interact with other components that our partners use in production process. Today VESCO has all modern capacities to find the best technological solutions for our partners, taking into account the unique features of equipment and available raw materials.

Production processes

All manufacturing processes at enterprises comply with international certificate program (ISO) that enables VESCO to be the full-fledge participant of the global clay mining industry and guarantees the safety and highest quality of the products.